The signs symptoms and treatment of muscular dystrophy

Shortness of breath or irregular breathing Sleepiness Trouble while concentrating on a particular thing The condition is not regarded as painful, but the muscle problems can cause cramps. Some children with DMD have learning disorders and behavior problems. However, the intelligence of the child is not affected. Parents might notice enlarged calf muscles, known as pseudohypertrophy, or false enlargement.

The signs symptoms and treatment of muscular dystrophy

Your doctor is likely to start with a medical history and physical examination. After that, your doctor may recommend: Damaged muscles release enzymes, such as creatine kinase CKinto your blood.

An electrode needle is inserted into the muscle to be tested. Electrical activity is measured as you relax and as you gently tighten the muscle. Changes in the pattern of electrical activity can confirm a muscle disease.

Blood samples can be examined for mutations in some of the genes that cause different types of muscular dystrophy. A small piece of muscle can be removed through an incision or with a hollow needle. Analysis biopsy of the tissue sample can distinguish muscular dystrophies from other muscle diseases.

Heart-monitoring tests electrocardiography and echocardiogram. These tests are used to check heart function, especially in people diagnosed with myotonic muscular dystrophy. These tests are used to check lung function. But treatment can help prevent or reduce problems in the joints and spine to allow people with muscular dystrophy to remain mobile as long as possible.

The signs symptoms and treatment of muscular dystrophy

Treatment options include medications, physical and occupational therapy, and surgical and other procedures. Medications Your doctor may recommend: Eteplirsen Exondys 51the first medication to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration specifically to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

It was approved conditionally in and will continue to be evaluated during an additional two years of use. Eteplirsen acts on specific gene variants that affect approximately one in seven people with DMD. Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, which can help muscle strength and delay the progression of certain types of muscular dystrophy.

But prolonged use of these types of drugs can cause weight gain and weakened bones, increasing fracture risk. Heart medications, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE inhibitors or beta blockers, if muscular dystrophy damages the heart.

Therapy Several types of therapy and assistive devices can improve the quality and sometimes the length of life in people who have muscular dystrophy. Range-of-motion and stretching exercises. Muscular dystrophy can restrict the flexibility and mobility of joints.

Key Takeaways

Limbs often draw inward and become fixed in that position. Range-of-motion exercises can help to keep joints as flexible as possible.

Low-impact aerobic exercise, such as walking and swimming, can help maintain strength, mobility and general health.Symptoms of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy The initial signs of Duchenne muscular dystrophy can be observed before a child turns six. The primary muscles affected are those found in the hips, thighs, pelvic area, and shoulders.

WebMD explains the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a rare muscle disease that mainly affects mainly boys in early childhood. MDA: "Overview," "Signs and. Muscular Dystrophy treatment MD is incurable and so the treatment is designed to help the patient manage the symptoms, prevent complications from arising and slow down the progression of the disorder.

Signs and symptoms. The signs and symptoms consistent with muscular dystrophy are: Progressive muscular wasting; Poor balance; Scoliosis (curvature of the spine and the back) "Drug treatment of Duchenne muscular .

Specific signs and symptoms begin at different ages and in different muscle groups, depending on the type of muscular dystrophy. Duchenne type muscular dystrophy This is the most common form of muscular dystrophy. Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases that damage and weaken your muscles over time.

This damage and weakness is due to the lack of a protein called dystrophin, which is necessary.

Early Signs of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy - Muscular Dystrophy News