Full Answer Marx was best known for his criticism of economic, political and social implications of industrial capitalism. He believed that economics was the basis in motivating and guiding, not only the government but for all people. This theory is the backbone for his Theory of Marxism.
His positivist approach was based on the principle of direct observation, which could be explained by theoretical statements based on establishing causal, law-like generalizations.
The task of sociology, according to Comte, was to gain reliable knowledge of the social world in order to make predictions about it, and, on the basis of those predictions, to intervene and shape social life in progressive ways.
Comte's positivist philosophy was clearly inspired by what he saw as the fabulous predictive power of the natural sciences. Comte's ideas were extremely influential and his theory of the development of the sciences was an inspiration to other thinkers working with theories of evolutionary social development.
Comte saw each science as passing through three stages: He argued that the history of the sciences demonstrated this pattern of movement, with social life being the last area to move into the positive stage and sociology the final discipline.
Auguste Comte divided sociology into two major parts — static and dynamic sociology.
|Functionalism, Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology||His father, Max Sr.|
|History of economic sociology||Throughout the late s, Weber continued his study of law and history. He also involved himself in politics, joining the left-leaning Evangelical Social Congress.|
The idea of this division is borrowed from biology that is in keeping with his notions of a hierarchy of sciences. Biology is a science that precedes sociology and thus shares common features with this science.
The static sociology studies the conditions of the existence of society while the dynamic sociology studies the continuous movement or laws of the succession of individual stages in society.
Auguste Comte's ideas have influenced several major sociologists like Sorokin, J. His laws of three stages have been more or less rejected by the contemporary sociologists. But the essential notion of stages of development in ideas and culture in a modified form has been accepted.
English philosopher and sociologist Herbert Spencer drew on Comte's ideas and argued that, just as the world of nature was subject to biological evolution, so societies were subject to social evolution. This took the form of structural differentiation through which simple societies develop over time into more and more complex forms with an increasingly diverse array of separate social institutions; and functional adaptation the way that societies accommodate themselves to their environment.
Spencer argued that it was through structural differentiation that societies became functionally better adapted, and the industrial societies of the nineteenth century were essentially demonstrating a form of social evolution, emerging out of the more static and hierarchical societies that preceded them.
Spencer also thought that the principle of 'survival of the fittest' applied in social as well as biological evolution, and he was not in favor of state intervention to support the vulnerable or disadvantaged.
Spencer tried to apply in his investigation of all fields of knowledge his idea of social evolution. In comparing human society with an organism that is essentially what organic analogy means. He noted the differences between the biological organism and society.
He maintained that a society as an entity is something more than and other than an organism even though human organisms are members of it.
It is a total system of elements of social organization and their interdependent functions. It is a super —organic entity an organizational entity over and above the level of the organism.
Spencer accepted the ideas that a society was more than a collective nature for a number of individuals. That is it is not a collection of several individuals but is a distinct entity.
The whole is more than its parts. Thus a house is more than a mere collection of bricks, wood and stone. It involves a certain ordering of parts.
He believed that unlike biological organisms where the parts exist for the benefit of the whole, in society it is the whole that exists for the benefit of the parts. Spencer told people through sociology that human beings should not interfere with the natural processes in societies.
He had great faith in the innate instinct of freedom and believed any interference with this instinct to be harmful.Karl Marx and Max Weber are recognized as two of the most prominent theorists of the 19th century. Many might argue that there are many similarities between these sociologist’s theories, however although Marx and Weber both examined similar ideas, they noticeably came to two drastically different.
Economic sociology, the application of sociological concepts and methods to analysis of the production, distribution, exchange, and consumption of goods and services.. Economic sociology is particularly attentive to the relationships between economic activity, the rest of society, and changes in the institutions that contextualize and condition economic activity.
Karl Marx (German: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈmaɐ̯ks]; 5 May – 14 March ) was a German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary.. Born in Trier, Germany, to a Jewish middle-class family, Marx studied law and philosophy at university.
Due to his political publications, Marx became stateless and lived in exile in London for decades. Functionalism. Auguste Comte saw the science of society as essentially similar to natural science.
His positivist approach was based on the principle of direct observation, which could be explained by theoretical statements based on establishing causal, law-like generalizations. Article shared by. Essay on Assessment of Marx’s Contributions to Sociology – Karl Marx was undoubtedly a great social thinker, profound scholar and a prolific writer.
He was an idealist who committed himself to the cause of welfare of the working community. It is more appropriate to call him a social philosopher than a sociologist. Max Weber is credited as one of the three founders of sociology, but his most well-known contribution was his thesis that combined economic and religious sociology.
This thesis proposed that ascetic Protestantism was associated with the rise of Western market-driven capitalism. Max Weber was an.