A religious opinion on deontology

Neo-Hindu Philosophy beginning in the 19th century C. Hindu philosophy is difficult to narrow down to a definite doctrine because Hinduism itself, as a religion, resists identification with any well worked out doctrine. Prior to the modern period of history, authors that we think of as Hindus did not identify themselves by that title.

A religious opinion on deontology

The principal moral issue surrounding suicide has been Are there conditions under which suicide is morally justified, and if so, which conditions? Several important historical answers to 1 have already been mentioned.

This question should be distinguished from three others: Should other individuals attempt to prevent suicide? Should the state criminalize suicide or attempt to prevent it? Is suicide ever rational or prudent? Obviously, answers to any one of these four questions will bear on how the other three ought to be answered.

For instance, it might be assumed that if suicide is morally permissible in some circumstances, then neither other individuals nor the state should interfere with suicidal behavior in those same circumstances. However, this conclusion might not follow if those same suicidal individuals are irrational and interference is required in order to prevent them from taking their lives, an outcome they would regret were they more fully rational.

Furthermore, for those moral theories that emphasize rational autonomy, whether an individual has rationally chosen to take her own life may settle all four questions. Though this position is often associated with religious thinkers, especially Catholics, Ronald Dworkin points out that atheists may appeal to this claim as well.

Hence, suicide is wrong because it violates our moral duty to honor the inherent value of human life, regardless of the value of that life to others or to the person whose life it is. The sanctity of life view is thus a deontological position on suicide.

The great merit of the sanctity of life position is that it reflects a common moral sentiment, namely, that killing is wrong in itself. The chief difficulties for the sanctity of life position are these: First, its proponents must be willing to apply the position consistently, which would also morally forbid controversial forms of killing such as capital punishment or killing in wartime.

But it would also forbid forms of killing that seem intuitively reasonable, such as killing in self-defense. To accept the sanctity of life argument seems to require endorsing a thoroughgoing pacifism.

Secondly, the sanctity of life view must hold that life itself, wholly independent of the happiness of the individual whose life it is, is valuable.

Many philosophers reject the notion that life is intrinsically valuable, since it suggests, e. It would also suggest that a life certain to be filled with limitless suffering and anguish is valuable just by virtue of being a human life.

See Hayry for discussion. Finally, it is not obvious that adequate respect for the sanctity of human life prohibits ending a life, whether by suicide or other means. Those who engage in suicidal behavior when their future promises to be extraordinarily bleak do not necessarily exhibit insufficient regard for the sanctity of life Dworkin Indeed, it may be argued that suicide may be life-affirming in those circumstances where medical or psychological conditions reduce individuals to shadows of their former fully capable selves Cholbi The first of these is the aforementioned Thomistic natural law position, critiqued by Hume see section 2.Deontological Ethics.

Deontological Ethics – Duty-Based Morality Deontological ethics is a theory of morality based on a “nonconsequentialist” view of people and moral decision-making.

Deontology comes from the Greek word for “duty.” Thus, deontological ethics maintains that actions are not justified by their consequences.

Deontology is a non-consequentialist moral theory. While consequentialism (utilitarianism) believe the ends always justify the means, deontologists assert that the rightness of an anction is not simply dependent on maximizing the good even if that action goes against what is ethically acceptable.

Feb 21,  · Deontology, a moral philosophy which has emphasis on duties and rules, often is connected to religious beliefs. However, deontology is often practiced by more liberal religious people, and many non-philosophers practice deontology .

Review Quiz. Normative ethics is the same as descriptive ethics. a.

A religious opinion on deontology

True b. False a. deontology b. an ethic of care c. virtue ethics b. nonmaleficence c. respect for autonomy d. justice. All of the following might be a source of moral authority in religious traditions except. a.

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the Koran b. a priest c. natural law. Through the ages, there have emerged multiple common moral theories and traditions. We will cover each one briefly below with explanations and how they differ from other moral theories.

Consequentialist theories, unlike virtue and deontological theories, hold that only the consequences, or outcomes.

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1. Kant: Responding to Hume. The German philosopher Immanuel Kant (), called by many the greatest of modern philosophers, was the preeminent defender of deontological (duty) ethics. He lived such an austere and regimented life that the people of his town were reported to have set their clocks by the punctuality of his walks.

Kant and Christian Morality | | Apologia